Ovulation and Fertility – What You Need to Know

Healthy couples between the ages 20-35 using no birth control methods have a high chance of conceiving. This can be a surprisingly high proportion given the fact that conception is only possible around the ovulation period. This is such as short period that comes every month, which lasts for up to 24 hours. At this time, the egg is open and viable for the process of fertilization.

fertility and ovulation

How To Know You Are Ovulating?

Sexual intercourse when you are fertile or ovulating is ideal. After the period of ovulation, the doors shut down until the following cycle. Thus, it really helps to know when ovulation is taking place. To help you out, here are some proven ways:

1. Calendar Method

Ovulation typically occurs midway the menstrual cycle. In an average, a cycle lasts for about 28 days. This starts from the first day of menstrual period to the beginning of the next. In some women, the cycles may vary so it is best to get the average cycle by taking note of your cycles for 3 consecutive months and then getting the average.

2. Bodily Symptoms

According to research, more than 20% of women experience lower abdominal cramps at the time of ovulation. This type of cramps that is concentrated on one side only is called “mittelscmerz”. So, pay attention and you will surely get hold of the message.

3. Body Temperature

Your basal body temperature of BBT changes all throughout a cycle. The first half of your cycle is characterized by an increase in estrogen. The second half, where ovulation occurs, increased progesterone causes an increase in body temperature. So, charting your temperature each morning after waking up will help you predict when ovulation is likely to occur in the following months.

4. Cervical Mucus

During ovulation, the cervical secretion is clearer, slippery and thinner similar to the consistency of egg white. When you are not ovulating, this secretion is thicker and has a cloudy appearance.

What about Fertility?

Fertility is the odds that a woman would most likely conceive. Most of the time, fertility is taken for granted, but the truth is almost 15% of the female population suffers from difficulty in conception. The good news is there are factors that are within your control to boost fertility.

Here are some of the factors that have something to do with fertility:

1. Age

The fertility of woman typically declines at the age of 27 and beyond. The decline can be more dramatic at post age 35.

2. Weight

More than 10% of infertility cases can be associated to being overweight. For greater chances of conception, the BMI should be in between 20 to 22.

3. Lifestyle and Nutrition

Poor diet, alcohol consumption and smoking could affect fertility in both men and women. For instance, eating tons of potatoes, soda, white bread and other foods containing easily digestible carbohydrates would most likely suffer infertility.

4. Stress

Stress could hinder a woman’s capability to conceive a baby. According to research, women with high levels of stress markers could conceive more compared to women with low levels of stress markers.

Knowing all these things can help you, try and improve your conditions to conceive a baby. So, try and hope for the best!


Image: “The Fertility Fruit” from Flickr by Tom Hart

Taking Charge of Your Fertility: The Definitive Guide to Natural Birth Control, Pregnancy Achievement, and Reproductive Health