The complex processes of fertilization and ovulation should properly work, so that couples could have a baby. There are some who faces infertility problems that exist from birth or disorders that may have just arise along the way. The truth is both males and females can have illnesses that contribute to infertility.
What are these illnesses? Read along and learn about the things that
Male Infertility Causes
In males, infertility can be caused by the following:
1. Abnormal function and production of sperm. Sperm can be negatively affected by different conditions like genetic defects, testicles that fail to descend, diabetes as well as previous infections like mumps, trauma and inguinal or testicular surgeries. Moreover, swollen veins in the testicles can cause heat and enhanced blood flow, which affects the shape and number of sperm.
2. Sperm delivery problems. This can be brought about by sexual disorders like retrograde ejaculation, where semen enters the bladder instead of passing out the penis, as well as premature ejaculation. But then, genetic diseases like cystic fibrosis and structural damage to the reproductive organs can be accounted for this problem.
3. Cancer and treatments. Cancer could affect fertility especially when one of the testicles is already removed. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation can also weaken sperm production.
4. Epididymis problems. Blockage in the epididymis or the portion of the testicles where sperms are produced could affect sperm production and transport.
Female Infertility Causes
In females, the causes of infertility include:
1. Ovulation problems. Ovulation disorders prevent the ovaries to release eggs. These illnesses include polycystic ovary syndrome, which is characterized by excessive production of male hormone testosterone. Other conditions include hyperprolactinemia or over production of breatmilk production hormone.
2. Abnormalities in uterus and cervix. These problems can be anomalies in cervical mucus, cervical opening and abnormal shape of the uterus or holes in the uterine body. Moreover, uterine fibroids can be included in the list. These are benign tumors that can be found in the uterine walls. These tumors can cause blockage to the fallopian tubes and many distort the uterus causing hindering fertilized egg implantation.
3. Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes. Salpingitis or inflammation of the fallopian tubes could damage and block these tubes. This can further lead to inflammatory disease of the pelvis. Other conditions that cause such problems include adhesions and sexually transmitted diseases.
4. Endometriosis. This takes place as endometrial tissues and implants grow at the outer part of the uterus. This condition affects the overall function of the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus
5. Early menopause. The ovaries could stop functioning, which puts an end to the menstrual cycle before a woman reaches 40 years old. This is also known as “primary ovarian insufficiency”. Its cause is unknown, but is associated with smoking and immune system disorders.
5. Thyroid conditions. Excessive or lack of thyroid hormone can cause interruption in the menstrual cycle, leading to infertility.
6. Cancer and treatments. Reproductive cancers, such as those affecting the ovaries, uterus and cervix can impair infertility in females. While treatments like chemotherapy and radiation can also affect reproduction.
Image: “Hospital” from Flickr by Chelsea Stirlen